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Surgical Gum Treatments
There are many different types of surgical gum therapy that your dentist may refer you to a periodontist for. The most common cause of gum disease is the build up of plaque on your teeth. This can spread to below the gum line and inflames and infects the gums. Other factors beside poor dental hygiene can cause gum disease, such as some medical conditions and medications for other illnesses.
Types Of Periodontal Gum Therapy
Gum Regeneration Treatment
This procedure starts with the periodontist folding back the gums and removing any disease causing bacteria, tartar and plaque. Depending on the severity, the next step is to apply membranes, bone grafts or tissue stimulating proteins. The type or combination of therapies will be determined by your periodontist.
The goal is to encourage regeneration of the gums, so they replenish and fit tightly around your teeth again.
In the right circumstances this treatment can fix gum disease and also provide cosmetic benefits for some patients. Any overgrowth of gum tissue is carefully removed. This lengthens the appearance of the crown of the tooth making them look longer.
Gingival Flap Surgery
This periodontal disease treatment is quite common and is also know as pocket reduction therapy. The periodontist first folds back the gums and removes and bacterial sources and badly affected tissue. Next your periodontist secures the gums tightly to the teeth. This is different from gum regeneration where the gums are left to repair themselves. It is used as a more advance gum disease treatment.
Your bone and gum tissue should fit snugly around your teeth. When gum diseases occur, these tissues can decay causing pockets to occur. Untreated these pockets attract more bacteria and further advance the gum disease.
Soft Tissue Graft
Also known as gum graft surgery, this technique is used to repair gums that have receded to the point where roots of the teeth are exposed. Periodontists take gum tissue from the palate or other sources and attach it to the affected area. The purpose is to reduce further recession, protect tooth roots and prevent bone loss.
Is Gum Surgery Painful?
With the use of anaesthetics, gum surgery does not have to be painful. After the treatments, pain can almost always be managed with over the counter pain relief from a chemist or supermarket. Even this however is not always necessary.
For patients who notice swelling, ice packs can help relieve pain and reduce the swelling. In some cases, antibiotics may be recommended. If any bleeding or extreme pain does occur, your periodontist will be here to help you post treatment too.
If you have any questions about periodontal treatments, surgical gum therapies or gum surgery, then feel free to contact us any time.